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Explore our extensive biographies, research articles and information.

Explore our extensive biographies, research articles and information to learn more about the history of the British Prime Minister. In these pages you will find biographies of every former Prime Minister, as well as articles and information about great decisions, the powers of the Prime Minister, and life in 10 Downing Street.

Police officers guard 10 Downing Street, SW1

Image credit: “10 Downing Street, SW1” by Leonard Bentley is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0. Cropped

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Learn more about the history of the British Prime Minister. In these pages you will find biographies of every former Prime Minister, as well as articles and information about great decisions, the powers of the Prime Minister, and life in 10 Downing Street.

Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, 1740.

Image credit: Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, studio of Jean Baptiste van Loo, 1740. Photo © National Portrait Gallery, London licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

The Prime Ministers

Discover in-depth information on Britain’s past and present Prime Ministers, including their premierships, personal lives, and key events.

From Rishi Sunak to Robert Walpole, read about the history of the Prime Minister. Which was the only one to sit in Parliament during the Seventeenth Century? Which one was a famous novelist? Which one has a prominent city in Pennsylvania named after him? Read their in-depth biographies and explore related articles.

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Rishi Sunak

Rishi Sunak became the 57th Prime Minister on 25 October 2022. He is the MP for Richmond (Yorks) and was first…

Conservative Party

October 2022 – Present

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Liz Truss

Liz Truss made history as the shortest serving Prime Minister in three centuries. She was committed to a programme of economic…

Conservative Party

September 2022 – November 2022

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Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson is one of the most charismatic and controversial politicians of the modern era. To supporters, he was an authentic…

Conservative Party

July 2019 – September 2022

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Theresa May

Theresa May was the unexpected successor to David Cameron. She initially planned a government that would focus on delivering the Brexit…

Conservative Party

July 2016 – July 2019

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David Cameron

David Cameron formed the first Coalition government in Britain since the Second World War. His government oversaw a policy of austerity…

Conservative Party

May 2010 – July 2016

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Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown is the most recent Labour Prime Minister. He hoped to lead a more sober and consequential government than that…

Labour Party

June 2007 – May 2010

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Tony Blair

Tony Blair was the youngest Prime Minister of the 20th Century and Labour’s longest serving Prime Minister. Elected in landslide victories…

Labour Party

May 1997 – June 2007

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John Major

John Major’s premiership was dominated by the legacy of Margaret Thatcher. He tried to make a country ‘more at ease with…

Conservative Party

November 1990 – May 1997

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Read the biographies for every one of Britain’s 57 Prime Ministers.

Learn about their individual achievements, failures, decisions and key moments during there premiership.

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Collections & Content

Andrew Bonar Law

Bonar Law was the shortest serving Prime Minister of the 20th Century, being in office for just 209 days. He was gravely ill when he t…

The Earl of Rosebery

Lord Rosebery was Gladstone’s successor and the most recent Prime Minister whose entire parliamentary career…

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur Balfour was Salisbury’s successor. He had a reputation as a good parliamentarian, a capable minister, and an excellent ta…

The Duke of Wellington

Wellington is a Prime Minister who is today largely remembered for achievements unrelated to his premiership. …

The Duke of Grafton

The Duke of Grafton believed, according to Horace Walpole, that ‘the world should be postponed to a whore and a…

Benjamin Disraeli

Charming, brilliant, witty, visionary, colourful, and unconventional, Benjamin Disraeli (nicknamed ‘Dizzy’) was one of the greate…

Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson is one of the most charismatic and controversial politicians of the modern era. To supporters, he was an authentic voice wh…

The Earl Grey

Earl Grey was the great aristocratic reformer. His government passed the ‘Great Reform Act of 1832’, ending an entire e…

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